Despite the raft of changes regarding goods post Brexit, services have largely remained unchanged. Purchases of business-to-business (B2B) services from overseas suppliers are dealt with under the reverse charge procedure. VAT Notice 741a section 5.1 states ‘if you’re a UK recipient of services from a non-UK supplier the following rules apply to you.
The reverse charge applies where:
- the place of supply is the UK
- the supplier belongs outside the UK
- you belong in the UK
- the supply is not exempt (this includes exempt supplies subject to an option to tax)
- for supplies not within the general rule, you’re VAT registered in the UK’
The reverse charge is a simple procedure where your clients are treated as the purchaser and the supplier for all B2B general rule supplies of services. This mechanism ensures overseas business are not having to unnecessarily register for UK VAT, but it would still apply even if an overseas supplier already had a UK VAT registration. This accounting procedure has remained the same pre and post-Brexit and does not differentiate between EU and non-EU sellers.
The reporting requirements are as follows:
- notional amount of output tax in box 1 (VAT due on sales)
- notional amount of input tax in box 4 (VAT reclaimed on purchases)
- full value of the supply in box 6 (total value of sales)
- full value of the supply in box 7 (total value of purchases).
For example, a VAT registered business has purchased software services from a US business totalling £200. £200 would be entered into boxes 6 and 7 of the clients VAT return and is treated as a net amount. The notional VAT would be 20% of that figure, therefore, £40 would be entered into box 1 and (if fully taxable) in box 4. Partly exempt businesses would include the input tax element in their partial exemption calculations and recover accordingly.
If you have clients who are in business but are not registered for VAT, the reverse charge will still have an impact on them. The value of overseas purchases of services will be included as taxable turnover in their calculation for VAT registration purposes.
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